Shogun (将軍, shōgunJapanese: [ɕoːɡɯɴ] ; English: /ˈʃoʊɡʌn/ SHOH-gun) was the title of the military dictators of Japan during most of the period spanning from 1185 to 1868. Nominally appointed by the Emperor, shoguns were usually the de facto rulers of the country, though, during part of the Kamakura period, shoguns were themselves figureheads. The office of shogun was in practice hereditary, though over the course of the history of Japan several different clans held the position. Shogun is the short form of Sei-i Taishōgun (征夷大将軍, “Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Force Against the Barbarians”), a high military title from the early Heian period in the 8th and 9th centuries; when Minamoto no Yoritomo gained political ascendency over Japan in 1185, the title was revived to regularize his position, making him the first shogun in the usually understood sense.

The shogun’s officials were collectively referred to as the bakufu (幕府, “tent government”); they were the ones who carried out the actual duties of administration, while the Imperial court retained only nominal authority. The tent symbolized the shogun’s role as the military’s field commander but also denoted that such an office was meant to be temporary. Nevertheless, the institution, known in English as the shogunate (English: /ˈʃoʊɡəneɪt/) persisted for nearly 700 years, ending when Tokugawa Yoshinobu relinquished the office to Emperor Meiji in 1867 as part of the Meiji Restoration.

The term shogun (将軍, lit. “army commander”) is the abbreviation of the historical title “Sei-i Taishōgun” 征 (sei, せい) means “conquer” or “subjugate,” and 夷 (i, い) means “barbarian” or “savage.” 大 (dai, だい) means “great,” 将 (shō, しょう) means “commander” and 軍 (gun, ぐん) means “army.” Thus, a literal translation of Seii Taishōgun would be “Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Force Against the Barbarians.”

The term was originally used to refer to the general who commanded the army sent to fight the tribes of northern Japan, but after the twelfth century, the term was used to designate the leader of the samurai.


The administration of a shogun is called bakufu (幕府) in Japanese and literally means “government from the maku [ja].” During the battles, the head of the samurai army used to be sitting in a scissor chair inside a semi-open tent called maku that exhibited its respective mon or blazon. The application of the term bakufu to the shogun government shows an extremely strong and representative symbolism.

ww2 planes Tonneau covers networked laser printers exit strategy solutions dr.tejinder singh best neurosurgeon in austin tx car painting services in glendale commercial tourniquet it construction services san antonio softwave therapy commercial cleaning loudoun county car lockout service fishing forecast comfort bikes ontario acting classes nyc best japanese shears chicago slip and fall lawyer EKO rent a car in Belgrade kaftan saddle blankets mortgage broker los angeles shockwave therapy long sleeve hoodie how to make coffee without a coffee maker organic baby pajamas wordpress development service ball joint press starpery sex dolls can truck drivers use cbd oil hiring virtual assistant Simon Wilby arizona civil rights attorney UIT institute policy solver kw white label seo we buy houses easley harley oil cooler malvern rehab video production services meridianbet